12th March 2015 in DIY Tips, News
From time to time we all experience this… a flat tyre! It always comes at the most inconvenient time and in the most inconvenient place! At Budjet Warrington we aim to help motorists out there understand their vehicles better. So, with the in mind… here is our step by step guide on how to change your car tyre.
Step 1 Find a flat, stable and safe place to change your tyre.
You need a flat, hard surface that will stop the car from rolling. If you are near a road, park as far from traffic as possible and turn your hazard lights on. Never change your tyre on soft ground or on a hill. Not only can this be dangerous but also will make your life a lot harder!
Step 2 Apply the handbrake and make sure your car is in neutral. If you have an automatic, put your vehicle in ‘park’.
Step 3 Take out the spare tyre, jack and locate your locking wheel nut(if you have one). Place the jack under the chassis of your car near the tyre that you are going to change. Ensure that the jack is in contact with the metal portion of your car’s chassis. You can do this by normally feeling under the car. You should feel a little lip facing down.
- If you don’t place the jack in the right spot, you could damage your car when you start lifting. If you’re not sure about the right place to put the jack, read your owner’s manual.
- For most modern uni-body cars, there is a small notch or mark just behind the front wheel wells, or in front of the rear wheel wells where the jack is intended to be placed.
- For most trucks or older cars that have a frame, look to place the jack on one of the beams of the frame just behind the front tyre or in front of the rear tyre.
Step 4 Wind the jack until it is supporting (but not lifting) the car. The jack should be firmly in place against the underside of the vehicle. Check to make sure that the jack is perpendicular to the ground.
Step 5 Remove the hub cap(if you have one) and loosen the nuts by turning anti-clockwise.
Some cars may have hub caps (plastic discs that cover the wheels) and some cars may have alloy wheels… If you have an alloy wheel here is where you will need your locking wheel nut. Start to loosen your nuts. Don’t take them all the way off; just break the resistance. By keeping the wheel on the ground when you first loosen the nuts, you’ll make that you’re turning the nuts instead of the wheel.
- Use the wrench that came with your car or a standard cross wrench. Your wrench may have different sizes of openings on different ends. A correctly-sized wrench will slip easily over the nut, but will not rattle.
- It can take quite a lot of force to break your wheel nuts free. If all else fails, you can use your body weight or stamp on the wrench (be absolutely certain you are turning it the correct way – anti-clockwise).
- A cross wrench will give you much more torque than a standard single-handled wrench.
Step 6 Wind the jack to lift the tyre off the ground. You need to lift it high enough to remove the flat tyre and replace it with a spare.
- As you lift, make sure that the car is stable. If you notice any instability, lower the jack and fix the problem before fully lifting the car.
- If you notice the jack lifting at an angle or leaning, lower and reposition it so that it can lift straight up.
Step 7 Remove the nuts the rest of the way. Turn them anti-clockwise until they are loose. Repeat with all wheel nuts, then remove the nuts completely.
Step 8 Remove the tyre. Place the flat tyre under the vehicle so in the event of a jack failure the vehicle will fall on the old wheel, hopefully preventing injury. If the jack is placed on a flat, solid base, you shouldn’t have any problems.
- The tyre might be stuck due to rust. You could try hitting the inside half of the tyre with a rubber mallet to loosen the tyre, or use the spare tyre to hit the outside.
Step 9 Place the spare tyre on. Take care to align the rim of the spare tyre with the wheel bolts, then put on the wheel nuts back on by hand for now.
Step 10 Tighten the nuts by hand until they are all snug. They should turn easily at first.
- Using the wrench, tighten the nuts as much as possible alternating which nut you tighten. To ensure the tyre is balanced, don’t completely tighten the nuts one at a time. Going in a alternative pattern around the tyre, one nut after the other, give each nut a full turn until they are equally tight.
- Avoid using so much force that you risk upsetting the jack. You will tighten the wheel nuts again once the car is down and there is no risk of it falling.
Step 11 Lower the car to the ground fully and remove the jack. Finish tightening the nuts and replace the hubcap if applicable.
Step 12 Put the old tyre in your boot and being it to Budjet Warrington. We can the quote you on a repair job if it meets the legal repair requirement or quote you on a new replacement. Small punctures can usually be repaired for less than £15. If the tyre is not repairable, we can dispose of it properly and offer you a replacement.